North Korea must be held accountable for all the losses." It warned that it would not tolerate firing in what it regarded as its territorial waters. It warned that "should the south Korean puppet group dare intrude into the territorial waters of the DPRK even 0.001 mm, the revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK will unhesitatingly continue taking merciless military counter-actions against it. Some of the public buildings were formerly military structures, leading the South Korean military to believe the attack was planned from old maps. Most of the islanders were evacuated in the aftermath of the shelling. [61] [62], On 28 November, South Korean news agency Yonhap News said that North Korea had readied surface-to-surface missiles as the United States and South Korea began military drills. [65], North Korea's motives for the attack were unclear and were the subject of widespread speculation in the South and elsewhere. [11] Later, after 1982, it also hindered North Korea establishing a United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Exclusive Economic Zone to control fishing in the area. We are closely cooperating to draw up joint response directions. [2] South Korean counterstrikes ended at 16:42. According to a source quoted by the newspaper, "Firing artillery across the Northern Limit Line at sea is difficult without a direct order from Pyongyang’s highest authorities; firing inland would have been impossible without the will of Kim Jong-il. [15] The NLL was drawn up at a time when a three-nautical-mile territorial waters limit was the norm, but when in the 1970s a twelve nautical mile limit became internationally accepted, the implementation of the NLL prevented North Korea, in areas, from accessing, arguably actual or prospective, territorial waters. "My primary guess is that this is a response to the recent international prestige taken by South Korea at the G20. New Korean war could ensnare Canada, documents suggest, Chile condena el ataque armado "de la República Popular Democrática de Corea", Colombia insta a Corea del Norte a observar mandatos de la ONU, Costa Rica se solidariza con Corea del Sur tras los ataques, Finland voices concern over situation in Korea, Westerwelle 'very worried' by North Korean attack, World leaders united in condemning N. Korea, Honduras condena el ataque de Corea del Norte y se solidariza con Corea del Sur, Hungary condemned the North Korean aggression, Minister Natalegawa: Indonesia calls on both sides to immediately cease hostilities, exercise maximum restraint and avoid further escalation of tension, Lieberman on N. Korea attack: Crazy regime must be stopped, The Basic Position of the Government of Japan(GOJ) on North Korea's Shelling Incident, Foreign Ministry voices concern regarding aggravation of situation on Korean Peninsula, Malaysia Voices Concern Over Tension In Korean Peninsula, Oppfordrer Nord- og Sør-Korea til å vise tilbakeholdenhet, China expresses concern over allegedly exchange of fire between DPRK, ROK, China's muted response to North Korea attack, Perú condena "agresión" de Corea del Norte contra isla sucoreana, Aquino calls for end to hostilities in Korean peninsula, Poland expresses 'deep concern' over Korean border conflict, MFA's position on the armed attack by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea against the territory of the Republic of Korea, Moscow calls on two Koreas to exercise restraint, Transcript of Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov's Remarks and Answers to Media Questions at Joint Press Conference Following Talks with Afghan Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul, Moscow, MFA Spokesman's comments in response to media queries on the exchange of artillery fire between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) on Yeonpyeong island, Zaskrbljeni nad dogajanjem v Koreji – članek | Svet, North Korea threatens continued strikes on South, North Korea Fires Artillery at South Korean Island, Koreas on 'brink of war' because of Seoul, Pyongyang says, Information agency of the MFA of Uzbekistan, Vietnam hopes that parties concerned will strive for peace, stability on the Korean peninsula and solve disputes through peaceful negotiations. There are about 30 other small islands nearby. It had originally been intended that the United States Navy and Marine Corps would participate in a joint amphibious exercise in the Yellow (Western) Sea, west of South Korea. After a South Korean artillery practice on the island, North Korea fired about 170 shells at Yeonpyeong. [39] South Korean media reported that 5–10 North Korean soldiers had been killed and 30 wounded, and the National Intelligence Service suggests damage to North Korean troops had been considerable during the South Korean counter-battery fire. [104], The Singaporean Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned the incident, describing it as a "reckless and provocative action that dangerously heightened tensions in what was an already highly fraught and uncertain situation. [52] However, Lee Hong-gi, the Director of Operations of the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), claimed that as a result of the South Korean retaliation "there may be a considerable number of North Korean casualties". [44], North Korea states that it suffered no military casualties. Kim and his son were reported to have visited the Kaemori artillery base, whence many of the North Korean shells were fired, the day before the attack. A fact from this article was featured on Wikipedia's Main Page in the On this day section on November 23, 2012. Locations hit by the North Korean shelling of Daeyeonpyeong. North Korea states that it suffered no military casualties. [54][55] Notably, however, there is little to no evidence in support of South Korean casualty claims. Initially, the South Koreans targeted barracks and command structures on Mudo, but began firing at the MRL at Kaemori about thirteen minutes later. It killed four South Koreans and hurt 19. The North Koreans subsequently stated that they had responded to South Korean shells being fired into North Korean territorial waters. South Korean media reported that 5–10 North Korean soldiers had been killed and 30 wounded, and the National Intelligence Service suggests damage to North Korean troops had been considerable during the South Korean counter-battery fire. The South's military was placed on its highest non-wartime alert after the shells landed on Yeonpyeong island. The usual firing range is 40km (30miles) by 20km (10miles) in size and runs parallel to the NLL to the south-west of Yeonpyeong Island.[28]. [34] South Korean Minister of National Defense, Kim Tae-young, said the firing was not part of the Hoguk exercise, but was a separate routine monthly drill carried out 4–5 km away from the NLL,[35] contrary to previous media reports. [50] Some of the public buildings were formerly military structures, leading the South Korean military to believe the attack was planned from old maps.[51]. North Korea bombs South Korea's Yeonpyeong Island Two South Korean soldiers were killed and a dozen injured after North Korea fired dozens … President Lee instructed the South Korean military to strike North Korea's missile base near its coastal artillery positions if there were an indication of further provocation.Lee Hong-gi of the JCS told the media that the attack had been a "premeditated, intentional illegal ... violation of the U.N. Convention, the Armis… 10:00: South starts the artillery training exercise. North Korea did not dispute or violate the line until 1973. The North Korean government regards the exercises as preparation for a combined arms attack on the North. NORTH'S bombardment of border island one of the most serious incidents since the Korean war. [22], In an effort to assert its territorial claims, North Korea has pursued a strategy of challenging South Korean control of the waters south of the NLL. [63], On 21 December, South Korea carried out another live-fire artillery exercise into the same disputed waters just south of the NLL, despite diplomatic opposition from China and Russia. The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. It had originally been intended that the United States Navy and Marine Corps would participate in a joint amphibious exercise in the Yellow (Western) Sea, west of South Korea. [66] But some experts suggested that it was at least partly related to Kim Jong-un's appointment as the designated successor to Kim Jong-Il, which is believed to have caused tensions within the North Korean leadership. Gates said he, US President Barack Obama and secretary of state Hillary Clinton had numerous telephone calls with South Korean counterparts to deescalate tensions. The bombardment took place in two waves, from 14:34 to 14:55 and again from 15:10 to 15:41. [30] The North Korean government regards the exercises as preparation for a combined arms attack on the North. [23] Although there were no further serious clashes for a time, in 2009 increasing tensions along the disputed border led to a naval battle near the island of Daecheong, and accusations that a North Korean submarine had sunk the South Korean corvette Cheonan off Baengnyeong Island in March 2010. [...] We urge both parties to exercise utmost restraint."[115]. He called for "the two Koreas to begin talks to prevent the situation from worsening" and urged the government to protect the peace and safety of South Koreans. The Northern Limit Lineis considered by South Korea as the sea boundary between itself and North Korea, while North Korea disagrees and states that the boundary is farther south. "[69] [70], In 2014, Robert Gates, who was United States Secretary of Defense during the incident, stated in his memoirs that the South Korean government planned a "disproportionately aggressive" military retaliation, "involving both aircraft and artillery". He said that the military had "strengthened our surveillance and monitoring to keep watch on North Korean military activities through close cooperation with the United States. [47] [48] Satellite images released by STRATFOR cast doubt on effectiveness of South Korean artillery and damage dealt to North as asserted by JCS and NIS. [29], On the morning of 23 November 2010, North Korea reportedly "wired a complaint [to the South] ... asking whether (the [Hoguk] exercise) was an attack against the North." Officially, the North Korean Foreign Ministry stated the North Korean bombardment was retaliation due to South Korea's shelling into sea that North Korea claims as its own. National, Radio-Canada (27 November 2010). [38] About 108 shells were fired total, according to a North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery. [6], A western maritime line of military control between the two Koreas was established by United Nations Command (UNC) in 1953, called the Northern Limit Line (NLL). The North Koreans are believed to have fired around 170 rounds from a multiple-rocket launcher, hitting various spots on the larger of the two Yeonpyeong islands including a village and South Korean military installations. South Korea retaliated by shelling North Korean gun positions. He said that the military had "strengthened our surveillance and monitoring to keep watch on North Korean military activities through close cooperation with the United States. On 19 May 2013 the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff announced that "dozens" of Spike NLOS missiles had been deployed on Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island. "My primary guess is that this is a response to the recent international prestige taken by South Korea at the G20. [59], South Korean media on board the George Washington observe a training mission, November 2010, President Lee instructed the South Korean military to strike North Korea's missile base near its coastal artillery positions if there were an indication of further provocation. [30] About 108 shells were fired total, according to a North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery. In 1999, North Korea drew up their own line, the "West Sea Military Demarcation Line" which claims a maritime boundary farther south that encompasses valuable fishing grounds (though it skirts around South Korean-held islands such as Yeonpyeong). The chairman of the opposition Democratic Party urged the North Koreans to "stop all provocation that threaten the peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula". [9] The countries' western maritime boundary has long been a flash point between the two Koreas.[8]. This claim is not accepted by either South Korea or the United Nations Command. [32] The Yellow Sea—known as the West Sea to Koreans—along the west coast of the Korean Peninsula has been the scene of numerous naval incidents between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) since the signing of the Korean War Armistice Agreement on … It suspended interchanges with the North, cancelling inter-Korean Red Cross talks and banning visits to the jointly operated Kaesong Industrial Region. [12][16] Later, after 1982, it also hindered North Korea establishing a United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Exclusive Economic Zone to control fishing in the area. [28] On the same day, South Korea and the United States began the annual Hoguk exercise, a large-scale military drill involving the South Korean and US militaries. The Kims had visited a nearby fish farm on 22 November in the company of various senior military figures. [20] On the same day, South Korea and the United States began the annual Hoguk exercise, a large-scale military drill involving the South Korean and US militaries. According to the local county office, 70 percent of the island's forests and fields were burned and 21 houses and warehouses and eight public buildings were destroyed in the bombardment. The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. Van Dyke, Jon M., Mark J. Valencia and Jenny Miller Garmendia. [38], The main South Korean political parties condemned the North's attack. Initially, the South Koreans targeted barracks and command structures on Mudo,[37] but began firing at the MLRS at Kaemori about thirteen minutes later. [32] The usual firing range is 40 kilometres (22 nmi) by 20 kilometres (11 nmi) in size and runs parallel to the NLL to the south-west of Yeonpyeong Island. [12] According to Time, "The North does not recognize the border that was unilaterally drawn by the United Nations at the close of the 1950–53 Korean War. Dogyun, Kim; Steward, Phil (24 November 2010). [68] It has also been suggested that the attack was linked to the North's need for food aid. Several Asian currencies weakened against the euro and US$, while at the same time Asian stock markets declined. [36], At 14:34 local time, North Korean coastal artillery batteries on Mudo, and a recently redeployed 122-mm MLRs at Kaemori,[37] in North Korea's Hwanghae Province, opened fire on the island of Yeonpyeong. La Canada sollicité en cas de guerre en Corée? Among other factors, the alliance ignored intelligence regarding increased North Korean military deployments near the island, and had not demonstrated a likelihood of response in similar incidents in the past. [67] But some experts suggested that it was at least partly related to Kim Jong-un's appointment as the designated successor to Kim Jong-il, which is believed to have caused tensions within the North Korean leadership. File Photo by Keizo Mori/UPI | License Photo Definitions of Bombardment of Yeonpyeong, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Bombardment of Yeonpyeong, analogical dictionary of Bombardment of Yeonpyeong (English) [25] A Marine colonel on the island indicated the shells had been fired towards the southwest. [24], According to a South Korean military official, shells fired as part of the exercise were directed at waters in the south, away from North Korea. [14] The countries' western maritime boundary has long been a flash point between the two Koreas. The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. Pyongyang accused the South of firing first. Two South Korean marines died during the North Korean bombardment of Yeonpyeong Island on Nov. 23, 2010. English: The shelling of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. On 25 November, South Korea's defense minister, Kim Tae-young, announced his resignation after he was criticized for leading a response to the incident considered too passive by members of both the ruling and opposition political parties. 15:30: South telexes the North's military general level talk representative requesting an immediate halt to artillery shelling. This shelling followed a Southern military exercise in the area. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, naval battle near the island of Daecheong, White House Office of the Press Secretary, List of border incidents involving North and South Korea, "The North/South Korea Boundary Dispute in the Yellow (West) Sea,", FAQ: Korean conflict: Understanding North Korea's artillery attack, The Korean crisis & the threat of a wider war, CCTV footage of the shelling in Yeonpyeong, China calls for emergency talks amid Korea crisis, Report: N. Korea fires on S. Korea, injuring at least 17, http://www.koreaherald.com/national/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20101123001048, Tensions high as North, South Korea trade shelling, Richardson presents proposals to North Korea aimed at easing crisis, Ending naval clashes on the Northern Limit Line and the quest for a West Sea peace regime, "After Exchange of Fire, N. Korea Threatens More Strikes on South,". And so, against the backdrop of large-scale military exercises conducted by the South Korean Army to get on North Korea’s nerves, and in which up to 70,000 people took part, on November 23rd, 2010 North Korean artillery opened fire on the South Korean island of Yeonpyeong. [43] The Incheon city authorities sent 22 fire engines and ambulances to the island, along with firefighters and paramedics, to help with the recovery and relief effort. [58] Lee Hong-gi of the JCS told the media that the attack had been a "premeditated, intentional illegal violation of the U.N. Convention, the Armistice Agreement and the inter-Korean non-aggression accord. [66], North Korea's motives for the attack were unclear and were the subject of widespread speculation in the South and elsewhere. The bombardment took place in two waves, from 14:34 to 14:55 and again from 15:10 to 15:41. It is also an inhumane atrocity, in which [North Korea] indiscriminately fired shells into unarmed civilian residential areas." Coordinates: 37°40′0″N 125°41′47″E / 37.666667°N 125.69639°E / 37.666667; 125.69639, The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. [24][25], Days before the incident, the North Korean government revealed their new uranium enrichment facility,[26][27] prompting the South Korean government to consider requesting that the United States station tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea for the first time in 19 years. [40] South Korean artillery fired 80 shells in total. It warned that "should the South Korean puppet group dare intrude into the territorial waters of the DPRK even 0.001 mm, the revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK will unhesitatingly continue taking merciless military counter-actions against it. Except where otherwise indicated, Everything.Explained.Today is © Copyright 2009-2020, A B Cryer, All Rights Reserved. After the 2010 bombardment of Yeonpyeong (in which North Korea attacked Yeonpyeong Island with conventional weapons, killing a number of civilians), the National Emergency Management Agency of South Korea distributed 1,300 gas masks to South Koreans living in the western border (a flashpoint for conflict); the agency also distributed another 610,000 gas masks to members of the … The North Koreans subsequently stated that they had responded to South Korean shells being fired into North Korean territorial waters. The incident caused an escalation of tension on the Korean Peninsula and prompted widespread international condemnation of the North's actions. It has made several incursions that have sparked clashes between the two sides, notably a naval battle near Yeonpyeong island in 1999 as well as another engagement in the same area in 2002. Following a South Korean artillery exercise in waters in the south, North Korean forces fired around 170 artillery shells and rockets at Yeonpyeong Island, hitting both military and civilian targets. Among other factors, the alliance ignored intelligence regarding increased North Korean military deployments near the island, and had not demonstrated a likelihood of response in similar incidents in the past. 14:47: South fires back with the first round of K-9 howitzers (50 shells). The North Koreans are believed to have fired around 170 rounds from a multiple-rocket launcher, hitting various spots on the larger of the two Yeonpyeong islands including a village and South Korean military installations. "[57], The North Korean attack had a global impact on the financial markets. Two construction workers, Kim Chi-baek, 61, and Bae Bok-chul, 60, were also killed. [13], North Korea did not dispute or violate the line until 1973. The G20 highlighted North Korean backwardness in the same way that it highlighted that South Korea was a partner of this global elite organization, setting international rules and the North Koreans don't like this", he said. According to the local county office, 70 percent of the island's forests and fields were burned and 21 houses and warehouses and eight public buildings were destroyed in the bombardment. The South Korean government called the attack a "clear armed provocation." [53] A North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery, however, stated that the South had likely failed to destroy the North Korean artillery batteries due to its slow response. The United Nations declared it one of the most serious incidents since the end of the Korean War. South conducts additional emergency sorties with two KF-16 fighters evidence in support of South Korean fired! 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