[117], Sarawak is divided into three ecoregions. [73][95] There are a total of 26 sub-districts in Sarawak all under the jurisdiction of the Sarawak Ministry of Local Government and Community Development. There are more than 40 sub-ethnic groups, each with their own dialects and traditions. ", "Explanation sought on real status of S'wak's official religion", "Penan slowly abandoning their nomadic way of life", "Interracial marriage blossoms in Malaysia", "Chapter VII – Developing Literacy and Knowledge, Preservation skills among Remote Rural Children", "Tarian Ngajat Identiti Istimewa Masyarakat Iban (Ngajat dances a special identity for the Ibans)", "Renong, An Iban Vocal Repertory (Conference paper)", "The tradition of storytelling in Malaysia", "Preserve traditional culture for prosperity, Iban's urged", "Malaysian Borneo's Muzium Sarawak: A Colonial Legacy in Postcolonial Context", "TYT, CM attend state's 52nd anniversary of independence", "Pomp celebrations for Sarawak Governor's birthday", "CM and wife to have Hari Raya open house at BCCK", "1,000 throng Manyin's Gawai Dayak open house", "KTS holds Chinese New Year Open House in Bintulu", "Public Holiday in Sarawak in conjunctions with the Gawai Dayak Celebration", "Kolo mee, a Sarawak favourite, any time of day", "Singer Deja Moss' real passion is Sarawak layered cakes", "Commonwealth Games Federation – Countries – Sarawak", "CM revs up momentum for 2016 S'wak Sukma", "Sabah, S'wak Sports Ministries to work together to create East Malaysia Sports Commission", "Sarawak hopes to become an eSports hub in the region one day", States and federal territories of Malaysia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarawak&oldid=1002019770, English-speaking countries and territories, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Kuching (/ ˈ k uː tʃ ɪ ŋ /), officially the City of Kuching, is the capital and the most populous city in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia. [114] A number of rivers flow through Sarawak, with the Sarawak River being the main river flowing through Kuching. Posted at 07:02h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. [82] Sarawak originally held state elections together with national parliamentary elections. [253] The latter two are among the more than 40 sub-ethnic groups of Sarawak, many of whom still inhabit remote areas and are referred to as Orang Asal. There is also one development officer for each division and district to implement development projects. Sarawak had a population of 2.07 million. The largest among the 13 states, with an area almost equal to that of Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak is located in northwest Borneo Island, and is bordered by the Malaysian state of Sabah to the northeast, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of Borneo) to the south, and Brunei in the north. In 2018, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (DOSM) estimated there is 347600 residents in the District of Miri (inclusive of Subis) and this accounts 12% of the population of Sarawak. The Rajang River is the longest river in Malaysia, measuring 563 kilometres (350 mi) including its tributary, Balleh River. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. I n 2013, two Sabah ex-civil servants sued the federal government for its fa ilure to implemen t the . Traditionally, they are known for their silver and brass crafts, wood carvings, and textiles. The non profit Sarawak Hospice Society was established in 1998 to promote this program. You can change your personal cookie settings through your internet browser settings. [39] Members of the local community were encouraged by the Brooke regime to focus on particular functions within the territory: the Ibans and other Dayak people were hired as militia while Malays were primarily administrators. [307][308] The Sarawak State Museum houses a collection of artefacts such as pottery, textiles, and woodcarving tools from various ethnic tribes in Sarawak, as well as ethnographic materials of local cultures. Under the Wild Life Protection Ordinance 1998, Sarawak natives are given permissions to hunt for a restricted range of wild animals in the jungles but should not possess more than 5 kilograms (11 lb) of meat. [226] 8809, Agreement relating to the implementation of the Manila Accord, "The North Kalimantan Communist Party and People's Republic of China", "Book Review: The Rise and Fall of Communism in Sarawak 1940–1990", "Saga of communist insurgency in Sarawak", "Abang Johari Ketua Menteri baharu Sarawak", "My Constitution: Sabah, Sarawak and special interests", "My Constitution: About Sabah and Sarawak", "Vote-buying, treating, illegal campaigning mars Sarawak polls, says Bersih 2.0", "The Sarawak Chinese Voters and Their Support for the Democratic Action Party (DAP)", "SNAP faces more resignations over BN move", "Analysis: Party loyalty counts for little in Sarawak", "SPECIAL REPORT: The Ming Court Affair (subscription required)", "BN retains Sarawak, Taib sworn in as CM", "DAP: Sarawak Pakatan formed to promote two-party system", "Sarawak BN parties pull out of coalition to form independent state-based pact", "Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners forming Malaysia, says Dr M", "Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners forming Malaysia, not just component states, says PM Mahathir", "No two-thirds majority for Bill to make Sabah, Sarawak equal partners", "Kod Dan Nama Sempadan Pentadbiran Tanah", "Limbang issue was never discussed: Pehin Dato Lim", "Loss of James Shoal could wipe out state's EEZ", "China Coast Guard vessel found at Luconia Shoals", "Presence of China Coast Guard ship at Luconia Shoals spooks local fishermen", "Border disputes differ for Indonesia, M'sia", "Trekking to Western Julan waterfall, the highest in Sarawak", "Convention on the Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization Done at Geneva on 6 March 1948 [Communication From the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland]", "Geochemical characterization of Neogene sediments from onshore West Baram Delta Province, Sarawak: paleoenvironment, source input and thermal maturity", "China's "Supercave" Takes Title as World's Most Enormous Cavern", "Sarawak National Park – Biodiversity Conservation", "Rainforest is destroyed for palm oil plantations on Malaysia's island state of Sarawak (Image 1 and Image 2)", "Rainforest is destroyed for palm oil plantations on Malaysia's island state of Sarawak (Image 3)", "Sumatran Orangutans' rainforest home faces new threat", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T14352A4434312.en, International Tropical Timber Organization, "Diving in Miri-Sibuti Coral Reefs National Park", "Padawan Pitcher Plant & Wild Orchid Centre", "6. [264] Despite modern influences, Iban still observe many of their traditional rituals such as Gawai Antu (festival of the dead) and Gawai Dayak (Harvest Festival). [114] This migration was driven by the employment opportunities at gold mines in Bau. [57] Despite the resistance, Sarawak became a British Crown colony on 1 July 1946. [288] Indigenous people such as the Iban, Bidayuh, and Orang Ulu have adopted Christianity although they do retain some of their traditional religious rites. [193] [227] This abundance of medical services has made Sarawak a medical tourism destination for visitors from neighbouring Brunei and Indonesia. List of countries by population in 1907; White Rajahs; Flag of Sarawak; Sarawak dollar; List of Malaysian flags; Japanese government-issued dollar in Malaya and Borneo; 1963 in Malaysia; 1965 in Malaysia; Weitere globale Verwendungen dieser Datei anschauen. [136] Matang Wildlife Centre, Semenggoh Nature Reserve, and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary[137] are noted for their orangutan protection programmes. The state assembly passes laws on subjects that are not under the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Malaysia such as land administration, employment, forests, immigration, merchant shipping and fisheries. [80][note 10], The location and history of Sarawak has resulted in a broad diversity of ethnicity, culture and languages. Pattern and Trends of the Iban, Chinese and Malay Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 . Generally, the leader of the party that commands the majority of the state Legislative Assembly is appointed as the chief minister; democratically elected representatives are known as state assemblymen. [323][324] Sarawak hosted the Malaysian SUKMA Games in 1990 and 2016,[325] and was overall champion in the 1990, 1992, and 1994 SUKMA games. [135] The state is the habitat of endangered animals, including the borneo pygmy elephant, proboscis monkey, orangutans and Sumatran rhinoceroses. In 2018, Department of Statistics, Malaysia (DOSM) estimated there is 347600 residents in the District of Miri (inclusive of Subis) and this accounts 12% of the population of Sarawak. After the war, the last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke, ceded Sarawak to Britain, and in 1946 it became a British Crown Colony. [citation needed], Sarawak is a sister state/province to Fujian Province in China. The per capita GDP in Sarawak was lower than the national average from 1970 to 1990. [213], Health care in Sarawak is provided by three major government hospitals, Sarawak General Hospital, Sibu Hospital, and Miri Hospital,[221] as well as numerous district hospitals,[222] public health clinics, 1Malaysia clinics, and rural clinics. The Unit for Other Religions (Unifor), director, Richard Lon, said out of the state’s 2.6 million population, about 42.6 per cent are Christians; 837,200 (32.2 per cent) Muslims; 351,000 (13.5 per cent) Buddhists and 304,000 (11.7 per cent) who practise other faiths. Away from the coast, territorial wars were fought between the Iban and a Kenyah-Kayan alliance. [163] Through the course of 2016 over 2 million acres of forest, much of it in orangutan habitats, were declared protected areas. Among the indigenous peoples of Sarawak, outside influences have led to many changes over time. These include: control over immigration in and out of the state as well as the residence status of non-Sarawakians and non-Sabahans, limitations on the practice of law to resident lawyers, independence of the Sarawak High Court from the High Court Peninsular Malaysia, a requirement that the Sarawak Chief Minister be consulted prior to the appointment of the chief judge of the Sarawak High Court, the existence of Native Courts in Sarawak and the power to levy sales tax. : state: 2,071,506: … Sarawak ] Despite this ministerial oversight, infrastructure in Sarawak in Malaysia, Japanese! ; Statistics ; Login Sarawak is Malaysia ’ s data in a personalized and environment... Tonnes ( FWT ) in 1939, was born in 1912 colonial government April 1942 people. Years after Tanjung Manis Industrial port ( TIMP ) began operating further downriver income gap a... 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